New Horizons









Welcome to my blog

My name is Sven Andersson and I
work as a consultant in embedded
system design, implemented in ASIC
and FPGA.
In my spare time I write this blog
and I hope it will inspire others to
learn more about this fantastic field.
I live in Stockholm Sweden and have
my own company

Contact

You are welcome to contact me
and ask questions or make comments
about my blog.



Content

New Horizons
What's new
Starting a blog
Writing a blog
Using an RSS reader

Zynq Design From Scratch
Started February 2014
1 Introduction
Changes and updates
2 Zynq-7000 All Programmable SoC
3 ZedBoard and other boards
4 Computer platform and VirtualBox
5 Installing Ubuntu
6 Fixing Ubuntu
7 Installing Vivado
8 Starting Vivado
9 Using Vivado
10 Lab 1. Create a Zynq project
11 Lab 1. Build a hardware platform
12 Lab 1. Create a software application
13 Lab 1. Connect to ZedBoard
14 Lab 1. Run a software application
15 Lab 1. Benchmarking ARM Cortex-A9
16 Lab 2. Adding a GPIO peripheral
17 Lab 2. Create a custom HDL module
18 Lab 2. Connect package pins and implement
19 Lab 2. Create a software application and configure the PL
20 Lab 2. Debugging a software application
21 Running Linux from SD card
22 Installing PetaLinux
23 Booting PetaLinux
24 Connect to ZedBoad via ethernet
25 Rebuilding the PetaLinux kernel image
26 Running a DHCP server on the host
27 Running a TFTP server on the host
28 PetaLinux boot via U-boot
29 PetaLinux application development
30 Fixing the host computer
31 Running NFS servers
32 VirtualBox seamless mode
33 Mounting guest file system using sshfs
34 PetaLinux. Setting up a web server
35 PetaLinux. Using cgi scripts
36 PetaLinux. Web enabled application
37 Convert from VirtualBox to VMware
38 Running Linaro Ubuntu on ZedBoard
39 Running Android on ZedBoard
40 Lab2. Booting from SD card and SPI flash
41 Lab2. PetaLinux board bringup
42 Lab2. Writing userspace IO device driver
43 Lab2. Hardware debugging
44 MicroZed quick start
45 Installing Vivado 2014.1
46 Lab3. Adding push buttons to our Zynq system
47 Lab3. Adding an interrupt service routine
48 Installing Ubuntu 14.04
49 Installing Vivado and Petalinux 2014.2
50 Using Vivado 2014.2
51 Upgrading to Ubuntu 14.04
52 Using Petalinux 2014.2
53 Booting from SD card and SPI flash
54 Booting Petalinux 2014.2 from SD card
55 Booting Petalinux 2014.2 from SPI flash
56 Installing Vivado 2014.3

Chipotle Verification System
Introduction

EE Times Retrospective Series
It all started more than 40 years ago
My first job as an electrical engineer
The Memory (R)evolution
The Microprocessor (R)evolution

Four soft-core processors
Started January 2012
Introduction
Table of contents
Leon3
MicroBlaze
OpenRISC 1200
Nios II

Using the Spartan-6 LX9 MicroBoard
Started August 2011
Introduction
Table of contents
Problems, fixes and solutions

FPGA Design From Scratch
Started December 2006
Introduction
Table of contents
Index
Acronyms and abbreviations

Actel FPGA design
Designing with an Actel FPGA. Part 1
Designing with an Actel FPGA. Part 2
Designing with an Actel FPGA. Part 3
Designing with an Actel FPGA. Part 4
Designing with an Actel FPGA. Part 5

CAD
A hardware designer's best friend
Zoo Design Platform

Linux
Installing Cobra Command Tool
A processor benchmark

Mac
Porting a Unix program to Mac OS X
Fixing a HyperTerminal in Mac OS X
A dream come true

Running
The New York City Marathon

Skiing/Skating
Kittelfjall Lappland

Tour skating in Sweden and around the world
Top
Introduction
SSSK
Wild skating
Tour day
Safety equipment
A look at the equipment you need
Skate maintenance
Links
Books, photos, films and videos
Weather forecasts

Travel
38000 feet above see level
A trip to Spain
Florida the sunshine state

Photo Albums
Seaside Florida
Ronda Spain
Sevilla Spain
Cordoba Spain
Alhambra Spain
KittelfjÀll Lapland
Landsort Art Walk
Skating on thin ice

Books
100 Power Tips for FPGA Designers

Favorites
Adventures in ASIC
ChipHit
Computer History Museum
DeepChip
Design & Reuse
Dilbert
d9 Tech Blog
EDA Cafe
EDA DesignLine
Eli's tech Blog
Embedded.com
EmbeddedRelated.com
FPGA Arcade
FPGA Blog
FPGA Central
FPGA CPU News
FPGA developer
FPGA Journal
FPGA World
Lesley Shannon Courses
Mac 2 Ubuntu
Programmable Logic DesignLine
OpenCores
Simplehelp
SOCcentral
World of ASIC



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Wednesday, December 06, 2006
FPGA design from scratch. Part 12
Adding synthesis constraints

Constraints are essential to help you meet your design goals or obtain the best implementation of your circuit. Constraints are available in XST to control various aspects of the synthesis process itself, as well as placement and routing. Synthesis algorithms and heuristics have been tuned to automatically provide optimal results in most situations. In some cases, however, synthesis may fail to initially achieve optimal results; some of the available constraints allow you to explore different synthesis alternatives to meet your specific needs.

XST constraints can be specified in a file called the Xilinx Constraint File (XCF). The XCF must have an extension of .xcf.
To add a synthesis constraints file open the Synthesis Options window by right-clicking Synthesize - XST in the Proceses window and select Properties. Mark the Use Synthesis Constraints File box and fill in the name of the Synthesis Constraints File : /home/svenand/root/projects/ETC/synthesis/constraints/ETC_constraints.xcf



This
table shows all synthesis constraints available for XST.

Here is the constraints file I am using to make a safe implementation of the case statements in the ETC_CONFIG module.

BEGIN MODEL ETC_CONFIG
   NET jtc_tck_source       safe_implementation = yes;
   NET tdo_source           safe_implementation = yes;
   NET jtc_tms_source       safe_implementation = yes;
   NET jtc_trstz_source     safe_implementation = yes;
   NET jtc_tdi_source       safe_implementation = yes;
   NET mtc_tdo_source       safe_implementation = yes;
END;

When we rerun the synthesis we will see the following messages appear in the report file:

Analyzing module <ETC_CONFIG> in library <work>.
    Set property "SAFE_IMPLEMENTATION = yes" for signal <jtc_tms_source> in unit <ETC_CONFIG>.
    Set property "SAFE_IMPLEMENTATION = yes" for signal <jtc_tck_source> in unit <ETC_CONFIG>.
    Set property "SAFE_IMPLEMENTATION = yes" for signal <jtc_trstz_source> in unit <ETC_CONFIG>.
    Set property "SAFE_IMPLEMENTATION = yes" for signal <mtc_tdo_source> in unit <ETC_CONFIG>.
    Set property "SAFE_IMPLEMENTATION = yes" for signal <tdo_source> in unit <ETC_CONFIG>.
    Set property "SAFE_IMPLEMENTATION = yes" for signal <jtc_tdi_source> in unit <ETC_CONFIG>.

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Posted at 15:56 by svenand

 

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