New Horizons









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My name is Sven Andersson and I
work as a consultant in embedded
system design, implemented in ASIC
and FPGA.
In my spare time I write this blog
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learn more about this fantastic field.
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New Horizons
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Zynq Design From Scratch
Started February 2014
Introduction
Changes and updates
Zynq-7000 All Programmable SoC
ZedBoard and other boards
Computer platform and VirtualBox
Installing Ubuntu
Fixing Ubuntu
Installing Vivado
Starting Vivado
Using Vivado
Lab 1. Create a Zynq project
Lab 1. Build a hardware platform
Lab 1. Create a software application
Lab 1. Connect to ZedBoard
Lab 1. Run a software application
Lab 1. Benchmarking ARM Cortex-A9
Lab 2. Adding a GPIO peripheral
Lab 2. Create a custom HDL module
Lab 2. Connect package pins and implement
Lab 2. Create a software application and configure the PL
Lab 2. Debugging a software application
Running Linux from SD card
Installing PetaLinux
Booting PetaLinux
Connect to ZedBoad via ethernet
Rebuilding the PetaLinux kernel image
Running a DHCP server on the host
Running a TFTP server on the host
PetaLinux boot via U-boot
PetaLinux application development
Fixing the host computer
Running NFS servers
VirtualBox seamless mode
Mounting guest file system using sshfs
PetaLinux. Setting up a web server
PetaLinux. Using cgi scripts
PetaLinux. Web enabled application
Convert from VirtualBox to VMware
Running Linaro Ubuntu on ZedBoard
Running Android on ZedBoard
Lab2. Booting from SD card and SPI flash
Lab2. PetaLinux board bringup
Lab2. Writing userspace IO device driver
Lab2. Hardware debugging
MicroZed quick start
Installing Vivado 2014.1
Lab3. Adding push buttons to our Zynq system
Lab3. Adding an interrupt service routine
Installing Ubuntu 14.04
Installing Vivado and Petalinux 2014.2

Chipotle Verification System
Introduction

EE Times Retrospective Series
It all started more than 40 years ago
My first job as an electrical engineer
The Memory (R)evolution
The Microprocessor (R)evolution

Four soft-core processors
Started January 2012
Introduction
Table of contents
Leon3
MicroBlaze
OpenRISC 1200
Nios II

Using the Spartan-6 LX9 MicroBoard
Started August 2011
Introduction
Table of contents
Problems, fixes and solutions

FPGA Design From Scratch
Started December 2006
Introduction
Table of contents
Index
Acronyms and abbreviations

Actel FPGA design
Designing with an Actel FPGA. Part 1
Designing with an Actel FPGA. Part 2
Designing with an Actel FPGA. Part 3
Designing with an Actel FPGA. Part 4
Designing with an Actel FPGA. Part 5

CAD
A hardware designer's best friend
Zoo Design Platform

Linux
Installing Cobra Command Tool
A processor benchmark

Mac
Porting a Unix program to Mac OS X
Fixing a HyperTerminal in Mac OS X
A dream come true

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Friday, April 25, 2014
Zynq design from scratch. Part 40.
Booting from SD card or SPI flash

In a true, embedded application, we will not have a JTAG cable connected that can transfer our programs to the board. Our code must be able to do this before transferring control to an application. Let's return to lab2 and see how we can run our LED dimmer application directly from the SD card or from the on-board SPI flash.

But first we will learn a little bit more about the Zynq boot process. We can find a description in the documents "Zynq-7000 All Programmable Software Developers Guide (ug821)" and the "Technical Reference Manual (ug585)".

The processor system boot

The processor system boot is a two-stage process:
  • An internal BootROM stores the stage-0 boot code, which configures one of the ARM processors and the necessary peripherals to start fetching the First Stage Bootloader (FSBL) boot code from one of the boot devices. The programmable logic (PL) is not configured by the BootROM. The BootROM is not writable.
  • The FSBL boot code is typically stored in one of the flash memories, or can be downloaded through JTAG. BootROM code copies the FSBL boot code from the chosen flash memory to On-Chip Memory (OCM). The size of the FSBL loaded into OCM is limited to 192 kilobyte. The full 256 kilobyte is available after the FSBL begins executing.

The FSBL boot code is completely under user control and is referred to as user boot code. This provides us with the flexibility to implement whatever boot code is required for our system.

First stage bootloader

The First Stage Bootloader (FSBL) starts after the boot. The BootROM loads FSBL into the OCM. The FSBL is responsible for:
  • Initializing with the PS configuration data that Xilinx hardware configuration tools provide
  • Programming the PL using a bitstream (if provided)
  • Loading second stage bootloader or bare-metal application code into DDR memory
  • Handoff to the second stage bootloader or bare-metal application
Flow diagram




Create the first stage bootloader

The first step is to create the FSBL application. This is a C program that embeds all the Zynq internal register settings that were established during the Vivado Block Design. We start Xlinx SDK and make sure we have exported the lab2 design from Vivado and that we setup the Board Support Package (BSP).

->xsdk &

The SDK program will open with the setup we used in our lab2 experiment. Before creating the FSBL file we have to add a library file used by the FSBL c-program. Select from the top menu:

Xilinx Tools-> Board Support Package Settings




Click OK and wait for the settings window to open.





We will add the xilffs library. We are now ready to generate the FSBL program.

1. Select New->Application Project





2. Enter a name (fsbl_0) and select existing BSP (standalone_bsp_0).

3. Click Next.




4. Select Zynq FSBL and click Finish. When the generation has finished there is a new entry in the Project Explorer namned fsbl_0.

5. Right-click the fsbl_0 entry and select: Build Configurations->Set Active->Release. The release configuration will have less overhead.

6. Build the release configuration by right-clicking and select Build Project.

7. Here is the result:


 



Generate the boot image

The next step is to create a non-volatile boot image for ZedBoard. The ZedBoard has two non-volatile bootable sources, QSPI flash and SD Card.

1. In the Project Explorer select LED_Dimmer





2. From the top menu select: Xilinx Tools->Create Zynq Boot Image




3. The tool will automatically pick up the files needed to build the boot image.

  • fsbl_0.elf
  • system_wrapper.bit
  • LED_Dimmer.elf
4. To generate a boot image for the microSD card we will rename the Output path file name (output.bin) to boot.bin and click the Create Image button.

5. To generate a boot image for the SPI flash we will change the Output path file name to LED_Dimmer.mcs and rerun the Create Boot Image generation. It is the file type (bin or mcs) that defines what type of boot image that will be generated.

6. Here is the result.





Boot from the SD card

Copy the boot.bin file to the SD card and insert the card in to the ZedBoard. Set the jumpers to boot from SD card and power up the board. Connect a terminal and control the LEDs by entering different values.









Boot from SPI flash

First we will program the SPI flash using the LED_Dimmer.mcs file we just have generated. To program the SPI flash.

1. Connect the JTAG cable (see part 13).

2. Set the jumpers to JTAG mode.




3. In SDK select Xilinx Tools->Program Flash.





4. Specify the image file LED_Dimmer.mcs and click Program.

5. The programming will take a few minutes.





6. Power off the board and set the jumpers to SPI flash boot.





7. Power on the board. Connect a terminal and we are up and running in milliseconds.


Top   Previous   Next


Posted at 11:22 by svenand

Rourab
September 9, 2014   03:07 PM PDT
 
Hi
I am getting an error during partial bit reading from SD card. It giving an error "f_open error 6", any idea? Done pin is glowing, full bit is working from BOOT.bin but partial bits are not being configured
Henry Choi
August 22, 2014   04:06 AM PDT
 
Hi Sven, thanks for trail blazing. I just got the xapp1079 working with Vivado 2014.2 webpack, and I did NOT need to create BOOT.mcs; BOOT.bin worked just fine for programming the QSPI.

FYI.
Svenand
May 14, 2014   07:35 PM PDT
 
Hi Suheb,

You should complete lab2 meaning you should go through all the lab2 links.

Sven
suheb
May 14, 2014   01:03 PM PDT
 
@Sven We are thankful to you for spending your precious time writing your blog.

I am trying to follow your part 40 :

http://svenand.blogdrive.com/archive/201.html

to make fsbl (, which I will ultimately use with what is explained in part 41).

In part 40 you say:

We start Xlinx SDK and make sure we have exported the lab2 design from Vivado and that we setup the Board Support Package (BSP).

Can you elaborate which lab 2 you are talking about here as I can see many lab 2 links?
 

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